Recently the Google Analytics team released two new integrations: DoubleClick for Publishers (DFP) for Google Analytics 360 and DoubleClick Ad Exchange (AdX) for all Google Analytics users. While these new integrations were not widely publicized, I believe they are major game changers, they effectively embrace Publishers as first-class citizens
, providing a robust solution to measure and optimize ad supported websites.
Up to July 2015, Google Analytics provided only
one integration for publishers, with AdSense (did you read my book?
), where they could analyze AdSense effectiveness and find insights to optimize results. If you were serving only AdSense ads on your site, it would work well with the Google Analytics integration, so you were all set if you were using just that.
However, DoubleClick for Publishers
(DFP) is a widely used solution to serve Direct Deals, AdSense and DoubleClick Ad Exchange (AdX). That's where the DFP integration enters the scene. Before this integration, only AdSense metrics would be available, but since July 2015, you can report Ad Exchange (for all Google Analytics users) and DFP (Google Analytics 360 only). This means that now Publishers can understand the intersection of their content and monetization strategies; it also means that a user that left the website through a click on a DFP or AdX unit, in the past, was considered a simple abandonment, but now you would see them as ads clicked, a considerable improvement in both accuracy and completeness of your Google Analytics reporting.
Below is a quick explanation of what those new integrations will bring to publishers when it comes to understanding and reporting new data.
Following the integration, you will have access to dozens of new metrics on Google Analytics 360, which can be seen on the interface or can be used in Custom Reports and the Segment Builder. The metrics are similar to the ones you already see
for AdSense and similar new ones
for Ad Exchange. Below is a list of the overall Publisher metrics and their official definitions.
- Publisher Impressions: An ad impression is reported whenever an individual ad is displayed on your website (AdSense, AdX, DFP). For example, if a page with two ad units is viewed once, Google will display two impressions.
- Publisher Coverage: Coverage is the percentage of ad requests that returned at least one ad. Generally, coverage can help you identify sites where your publisher account (AdSense, AdX, DFP) isn't able to provide targeted ads. (Ad Impressions / Total Ad Requests) * 100
- Published Monetized Pageviews: Monetized Pageviews measures the total number of pageviews on your property that were shown with an ad from one of your linked publisher accounts (AdSense, AdX, DFP). Note - a single page can have multiple ad slots.
- Publisher Impressions / Session: The ratio of linked publisher account (AdSense, AdX, DFP) ad impressions to Analytics sessions (Ad Impressions / Analytics Sessions).
- Publisher Viewable Impressions %: The percentage of ad impressions that were viewable. An impression is considered a viewable impression when it has appeared within a user's browser and had the opportunity to be seen.
- Publisher Click: The number of times ads from a linked publisher account (AdSense, AdX, DFP) were clicked on your site.
- Publisher CTR: The percentage of pageviews that resulted in a click on a linked publisher account ad (AdSense, AdX, DFP).
- Publisher Revenue: The total estimated revenue from all linked publisher account ads (AdSense, AdX, DFP).
- Publisher Revenue / 1000 sessions: The total estimated revenue from all linked publisher accounts (AdSense, AdX, DFP) per 1000 Analytics sessions.
- Publisher eCPM: The effective cost per thousand pageviews. It is your total estimated revenue from all linked publisher accounts (AdSense, AdX, DFP) per 1000 pageviews.
Those metrics are clearly a major improvement to the measurement capability of publishers, as they will now be able not only to see all those ad interactions from separate DFP networks in one centralized platform, but also to combine this information with other behavioral data that is already being collected by Google Analytics 360.
As mentioned, in addition to the metrics described above, you might have additional sets: AdSense, Ad Exchange, DFP, and DFP Backfill. Most publishers will not have all 4 sets; they will either have 1 (AdSense or AdX) or 2 (DFP and DFP Backfill [DFP Backfill includes AdSense and AdX served through that DFP network]).
In the next section I describe the difference between those groups and where each ad interaction would appear depending on the tags you are using. I will also go through the new default reports and reporting capabilities in general.
After you set up the integrations (and assuming that you have all of them, which is not likely), you will have access to quite a few default reports. You will still see similar options in the sidebar navigation, under the Publishers
menu, which will read: Overview, Publisher Pages, Publisher Referrers
. But for each of those three reports, you will now have 5 options in the report tabs (right above the chart):
- Total: sums up all the interactions below, i.e. for Publisher Impressions you would see all impressions including AdSense, DFP and AdX.
- AdSense: only AdSense served through the AdSense tag. Note that you do not need the AdSense tag if you are serving it through DFP, and if that is your case you will see AdSense data as DFP Backfill, not as AdSense.
- Ad Exchange: only AdX served through the Ad Exchange tag. Note that you do not need the AdX tag if you are serving it through DFP, and if that is your case you will see AdX data as DFP Backfill, not as AdX.
- DFP: only DFP metrics (excluding AdSense and AdX backfills) for directly sold campaigns and house ads served through the Google Publisher Tag.
- DFP Backfill: all the AdSense and AdX interactions (indirect / programmatic campaigns) when served through the Google Publisher Tag.
But to be honest, I am way more excited about the custom reports that we are now capable of building. For example, for Online Behavior, I wanted to check the total revenue I am getting from each of the authors contributing articles. So I used a Content Group I have been populating with the author name (which is publicly available in the article, hence not PII). Below is a screenshot of the custom report I built.
As you will see, the 5th line is Allison Hartsoe
, who wrote two articles for Online Behavior. Even though she has significantly lower impressions and clicks, she produced a pretty high revenue in this period. My conclusion: I should promote her articles heavily and reach out to her for another post :-)
The options are really endless here, you could use any Content Group (e.g. interest, content type, page template, etc), Custom Dimension (paid user, loyalty status, etc), or any default dimension to measure your full publisher interactions; one especially interesting section to look at is the Interests report, it will show you the interests of users clicking on ads. This will open up a deep understanding about your customer segments and how they perform when it comes to publisher revenue.
This example illustrates the power of centralizing all your interactions from AdSense, Ad Exchange and DFP in one place. This allows publishers not only to have a deeper understanding of their revenue, but also to act on it.
Linking AdSense, Ad Exchange and DoubleClick For Publishers
In summary, if you are a Google Analytics standard user, you can link your account to AdSense (tutorial
) or Ad Exchange (tutorial
), but you will have to consider Google Analytics 360 if you are thinking about integrating DoubleClick for Publishers (learn more
). If you are a Google Analytics 360 client and did not link your DFP account, do it today! You should contact your Account Manager (or Authorized Reseller) and ask them about it.
As I wrote in the beginning, I think this is a huge step for the Analytics industry when it comes to Publishers, which now have a robust and comprehensive measurement solution.